Human Trafficking and Forced Labour
- 20.9 million persons are engaged in forced labour, which includes human trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation.
- 68% or 14.2 million are victims of forced labour exploitation in economic activities like agriculture, construction, domestic work and manufacturing.
- 22% or 4.6 million are victims of sexual slavery. Of these, 21% or approximately 1 million victims are children.
- 10% or 2.2 million individuals are in state-imposed forms of forced labour.
Forced Labour and Gender
- 55% or 11.5 million victims are female, while 45% or 9.5 million are male
- 29% or 6 million left their country of origin to work in another country where the forced labour took place. Cross-border movement is strongly associated with forced sexual slavery. (According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), it is not known how many of these victims are trafficked (Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012).
- The Asia-Pacific region has the highest absolute number of forced labourers with 56% or 11.7 million victims.
- 3% or 600,000 victims are in the Middle East.
- On average, individuals spend 18 months in forced labour, though this varies depending on form and region.
According to the United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime, 2012
- 27% of all victims detected globally are children. Of every 3 child survivors, 2 are girls and 1 is a boy.
- Trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation accounts for 58% of all trafficking cases detected globally, while trafficking for forced labour accounts for 36%.
- Between 2007 and 2010, almost half of victims detected worldwide were trafficked across borders within their region of origin. Some 24% were trafficked interregionally.
- The trafficking flow from East Asia remains the most prominent transnational flow globally. East Asian victims were detected in large numbers in many countries worldwide.
The “opportunity cost” of coercion now reaches over US$20 billion in terms of lost earnings to workers. (ILO 2009 the Cost of Coercion)
- In 2011, there were 7206 prosecutions for trafficking, and 4239 convictions. 41 210 victims were identified. (US Justice Department TIP 2012.)
- Around the world, as many as 1 in 3 women has been beaten, coerced into sex, or abused in some other way – most often by someone she knows, including her husband or another male family member. (UNFPA)
- 1 in 5 women will be a victim of rape or attempted rape in her lifetime.(United Nations, Unite to End Violence Against Women)
- Over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides. (UN, Unite to End Violence Against Women)
- As many as 1 in 4 women experience physical or sexual violence during pregnancy. (UN, Unite to End Violence Against Women)